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Understanding the Different Types of Removal Orders Issued by IRCC

Navigating the complexities of immigration law can be challenging, especially when facing removal orders from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Whether you are an immigrant, a refugee, or a temporary resident in Canada, it’s crucial to understand the different types of removal orders that IRCC can issue and their implications. This knowledge can help you take the necessary steps to address your situation effectively.

Departure Order (Voluntary Departure Order)

A Departure Order requires you to leave Canada within 30 days. You must also confirm your departure with a Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) officer. Complying with a Departure Order has significant benefits:

  • You avoid more severe consequences.

  • You can apply to return to Canada in the future without restrictions, provided you left within the specified timeframe and confirmed your departure.

Exclusion Order

An Exclusion Order typically bans you from returning to Canada for one year. However, if the Exclusion Order was issued due to misrepresentation, the ban extends to five years. To re-enter Canada before the ban period ends, you must obtain written authorization (Authorization to Return to Canada, or ARC). This order is often issued for less severe violations, but it’s essential to adhere to its terms to avoid further complications.

Deportation Order

The Deportation Order is the most severe type of removal order. If you receive a Deportation Order, you are permanently barred from returning to Canada unless you obtain an ARC. Deportation Orders are usually issued for serious breaches of immigration laws or criminal activities. Understanding the gravity of this order and seeking legal advice promptly is crucial.

Administrative Removal Order

Administrative Removal Orders are issued for administrative violations, such as overstaying your visa or work permit. While they may seem less severe, failing to comply with these orders can escalate to more severe consequences, including deportation.


Facing a removal order can be stressful, but knowing your rights and obligations under Canadian immigration law can make a significant difference. If you or someone you know is dealing with a removal order, seeking professional legal advice can help navigate the situation more effectively. Remember, each type of removal order has specific implications, and understanding them is the first step towards resolving your immigration issues.


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